Inhibition of Glutathione S-Transferases by antimalarial drugs possible implications for circumventing anticancer drug resistance.

Mukanganyama, Stanley (2001) Inhibition of Glutathione S-Transferases by antimalarial drugs possible implications for circumventing anticancer drug resistance.

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Official URL: http://ir.nust.ac.zw/xmlui/handle/123456789/484

Abstract

An approval letter from editors is attached to the article,A strategy to overcome multidrug resistance in cancer cells involves treatment with a combination of the antineoplastic agent and a chemomodulator that inhibits the activity of the resistance-causing protein. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of antimalarial drugs on human recombinant glutathione S-transferase (GSTs) activity in the context of searching for effective and clinically acceptable inhibitors of these enzymes. Human recombinant GSTs heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli were used for inhibition studies. GST Al-l activity was inhibited by artemisinin with an IC,, of 6 pM, whilst GST MI-l was inhibited by quinidine and its diastereoisomer quinine with IC5,s of I2 pM and 17 pM, respectively. GST M3-3 was inhibited by tetracycline only with an IC,, of 47 pM. GST PI-l was the most susceptible enzyme to inhibition by antimalarials with IC,, values of I, 2, 1, 4, and 13 pM for pyrimethamine, arteniislnin, quinidine, quinine and tetracycline, respectively. The IC,, values obtained for artemisinin, quinine, quinidine and tetracycline are below peak plasma concentrations obtained during therapy of malaria with these drugs. It seems likely, therefore, that GSTs may be inhibited in vivo at doses normally used in clinical practice. Using the substrate ethacrynic acid, a diuretic drug also used as a modulator to overcome drug resistance in tumour cells, GST PI-l activity was inhibited by tetracycline, quinine, pyrimethamine and quinidine with IC,, values of 18, 27, 45 and 70 pM, respectively. The ubiquitous expression of GSTs in different malignancies suggests that the addition of nontoxic reversing agents such as antimalarials could enhance the efficacy of a variety of alkylating agents.,International Program in Chemical Sciences (IPICS), Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Research Board University of Zimbabwe, Harare Zimbabwe.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Glutathione S-transferase,Antimalarials,Inhibition,Drug resistance,Chemomodulator
Divisions: Universities > State Universities > National University of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Edmore Sibanda
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 01:02
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 01:02
URI: http://researchdatabase.ac.zw/id/eprint/1250

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