A comparison of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms isolated from chicken and ostrich faeces in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Siwela, Andrew H. (2007) A comparison of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms isolated from chicken and ostrich faeces in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

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Official URL: http://ir.nust.ac.zw/xmlui/handle/123456789/375

Abstract

Journal for applied Biology and Biochemistry,Samples of fresh faeces were obtained from a free-range chicken source, three commercial chicken farms and a commercial ostrich farm, all located around Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe, in order to determine the antibiotic resistance profile of selected bacterial isolates of interest in food-related human infections. Samples were prepared at various dilutions and plated on selective media for Coryneforms, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas. The targeted bacteria were isolated as pure cultures and tested for antibiotic resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, oxytetracycline, sulphonamide, streptomycin and tetracycline. Isolates from the faeces of chickens and ostriches in the commercial farms were found to be generally more resistant to streptomycin, tetracycline and oxytetracycline as compared to those from the free- range chickens. This study emphasizes the need to monitor antibiotic resistance genes in the environment and to curb/curtail antibiotic use for growth promotion in farm animals, particularly in developing countries, as continued use will only add to the growing problem of microbial antibiotic resistance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli,Pseudomonas,Coryneforms,Enterococcus faecalis,chicken,ostrich,faeces
Divisions: Universities > State Universities > National University of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Edmore Sibanda
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 01:02
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 01:02
URI: http://researchdatabase.ac.zw/id/eprint/1254

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