An Environmental Management System approach to mitigation of environmental pollution from tannery operations utilizing proactive strategies. A Case for Leather Processing in Zimbabwe.

Goriwondo, William M. (2011) An Environmental Management System approach to mitigation of environmental pollution from tannery operations utilizing proactive strategies. A Case for Leather Processing in Zimbabwe.

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Official URL: http://ir.nust.ac.zw/xmlui/handle/123456789/145

Abstract

Proceedings of the Fifth TWAS-ROSSA Young Scientists? Conference and Award Ceremony, 26-27 February 2011, Hilton Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya,In a quest to support the ever-improving standards of living, manufacturing companies engage in consumption patterns that draw materials heavily from the earth on one hand and dump back to the earth as pollution on the other hand. Climate Change is a consequence of such factors that include human activity and may be a result of years of cumulative, though localized environmental impacts. There is growing concern that manufacturing companies are contributing negatively towards environmental pollution. This paper highlights one such situation in a medium-sized leather processing company in Zimbabwe. The approach taken considers implementation of an Environmental Management System (EMS) as a sustainable way of engaging in ?GREEN? manufacturing to the enjoyment of future generations. Manufacturing companies the world over have adopted environmentally friendly practices but smaller to medium-sized companies in developing countries continue to face difficulties in utilizing such technologies. This results in costly production activities that are not environmentally friendly to the disappointment of the company and other stakeholders that include future generations. Apart from this, they become liable for legislative penalties, operate inefficiently, face product boycotts and closure. In this study, Environmental Impacts were identified and ranked in order to establish the critical few. A materials balance of critical processes was conducted and it revealed areas of potential improvement. This led to the characterization and comparison of waste discharged against regulatory levels. The development and implementation of the EMS resulted in benefits to the organization, the environmental and all other stakeholders. Some highly hazardous materials in the process were substituted with environmentally friendly ones thereby reducing the pollution load from the organization. Lead times were improved and that contributed to the reduction of operation costs. The individual contribution of one organization if extended to consider many other companies, would go a long way in mitigating negative environmental impacts that subsequently cause climate change. Environmental performance improvement at one company alone cannot resolve global environmental pollution hence there is need for networking and adoption of best practices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cleaner production,global climate change,efficiency,environmental impacts,environmental management system,manufacturing,tannery waste
Divisions: Universities > State Universities > National University of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Edmore Sibanda
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 02:32
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 02:32
URI: http://researchdatabase.ac.zw/id/eprint/1336

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