Factors associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling among couples, Bulawayo city, 2015

Gumbo, Amen (2015) Factors associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling among couples, Bulawayo city, 2015. UNSPECIFIED thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

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Official URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10646/2654

Abstract

Background: Majority of people in stable relationships are not aware of their HIV status. Bulawayo City HTC data showed a decline in the proportion of urban couples who were tested for HIV from 11% in 2010 to 6.7% in 2014.The study was conducted to determine factors associated with HTC among couples in Bulawayo City. Methods: A one to one unmatched case control study was conducted. A total of 254 women, 127 cases and 127 controls, were recruited. A case was a woman aged 16-35 years who did not receive HTC with her partner. A control was a woman aged 16-35 who had received HTC with her partner. A pretested interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data from conveniently selected participants. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify effect modification and control for confounding. Results: Staying within a distance of less than 5 km from the health the health facility (AOR=0. 38, 95% CI: 0.21-0.71) and prior discussion of HTC as a couple (AOR=0. 43, 95% CI: 0.21-0.87) were independently associated with more likelihood of receiving HTC as a couple. Conflicting work schedules (AOR=2.99, 95% CI: 1.17-5.11) and perceived low risk (AOR=1.78, 95% CI: 1.02-3.10) were found to be independent risk factors for not receiving HTC as a couple. Conclusion: Testing as a couple was as a result of factors relating to distance of less than 5 km from the health facility, prior discussion of HTC as a couple, low risk perception and conflicting work schedules. Encouraging communication among couples and health education may improve HTC among couples.

Item Type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus,HIV testing,HIV counseling
Divisions: Universities > State Universities > University of Zimbabwe
Depositing User: Mr. Edmore Sibanda
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2016 00:01
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2016 00:01
URI: http://researchdatabase.ac.zw/id/eprint/3919

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