The Prospect and Challenges of the Rural Non-Farm Economy (RNFE) in Zimbabwe: A case of Seke Rural District

Mukozho, Delight (2011) The Prospect and Challenges of the Rural Non-Farm Economy (RNFE) in Zimbabwe: A case of Seke Rural District. Masters thesis, University of Fort Hare, South Africa.

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The Rural Non-Farm Economy (RNFE) is a concept that has gained significance quite recently. Its significance has been prompted by the realisation that agriculture alone cannot sustain the poor subsistence farmers in Zimbabwe. This realisation comes amid the growing concern over increased hunger and poverty in the country’s rural areas due to a decline in agricultural production. Drawing on the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) this study postulates that RNFE is a livelihood strategy that can address rural poverty and social transformation in Zimbabwe. Such an approach to rural development can take up the slack and provide the much needed income for the rural communities to survive. However, RNFE has not yet been used as a social mechanism for poverty alleviation in Zimbabwe. Therefore, this study has undertaken with the objective of investigating the prospects and challenges of the RNFE in Seke District. Although the study is focusing on Zimbabwe, the study may also address the problem of rural development in other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study revealed that only a few household heads in Seke were engaged in both traditional and non-traditional activities. However, the study noted that the household heads encountered many challenges which include; poor market, low income obtained, shortage of inputs, no access to credit and no support from government or other development agencies. Overall, it was recognised that the household heads engaged in RNFE were not realizing the full benefits of RNFE. Therefore, in order to promote the growth of RNFE and make it more productive, the study posits the following key points to be take into consideration by the various stakeholders in rural development; agricultural development, infrastructural development, rural town development, improving access to financial services, facilitating rural-urban linkages and the implementation of development projects aimed at promoting self employment in the non-farm sector.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rural Non-Farm Economy, agricultural production, poverty, hunger, rainy season
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Universities > State Universities > Midlands State University
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2014 18:07
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2015 08:10

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