Population Dynamics of Large Herbivores and the Framing of Wildlife Conservation in Zimbabwe

Gandiwa, Edson (2014) Population Dynamics of Large Herbivores and the Framing of Wildlife Conservation in Zimbabwe. pp. 411-420.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Gandiwa 2014. Population Dynamics of Large Herbivores and the Framing of Wildlife Conservation in Zimbabwe. OJE.pdf

Download (317kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oje.2014.47036

Abstract

This article reviews: 1) The role of natural and human-induced controls in influencing large herbivore populations; 2) how human controls (i.e., policy instruments, incentives and provisions) influence human activities and wildlife conservation; and 3) media framing of wildlife conservation using Zimbabwe as a case study, in particular Gonarezhou National Park and adjacent areas. The review shows that droughts are important in influencing large herbivore populations in semi-arid ecosystems; political instability and economic collapse does not necessarily lead to increased illegal hunting in situations where policy instruments, such as laws, are enforced. A higher perceived effectiveness of Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources was partly associated with a decline in human-wildlife conflicts and there was a spill-over effect of frames from the political domain into wildlife conservation following Zimbabwe’s land reforms in 2000. It is concluded that natural bottom-up processes (e.g., droughts) influence large herbivore population dynamics whereas policy instruments, incentives, provisions and societal frames mainly have a top-down effect on wild large herbivore populations in savanna ecosystems. Keywords Bottom-Up Control, Illegal Hunting, Law Enforcement, Media Framing, Top-Down Control

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > Protection and Conservation
Depositing User: Research Database Administrator
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2014 10:27
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2014 10:27
URI: http://researchdatabase.ac.zw/id/eprint/478

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item