Zirebwa, F.S.
(2015)
*An evaluation of the performances and subsequent calibration of three solar radiation estimation models for semi arid climates in Midlands Zimbabwe.*

## Abstract

The Hargreaves, Bristow â€“ Campbell (BÂC) and Donatelli â€“ Campbell (CÂD) solar radiation estimation models were evaluated to establish their performances in the semi arid climate of Midlands Zimbabwe. The models were also calibrated to attain the site specific empirical coefficients so as to improve in terms of prediction accuracy. To achieve this evaluation, daily incoming solar radiation, minimum temperature and maximum temperature were measured for a year (July 2013 to June 2014) at two sites (Mlezu and Mvuma) in Midlands Zimbabwe. The temperatures were used to calculate daily solar radiation for the Hargreaves, BÂC and CÂD models. The measured solar radiation at both sites was used to evaluate the performances of the models using the Mean Absolute Prediction error (Err), Model Efficiency (EF), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Bias and coefficient of determination (R2). All models were calibrated using linear regression equations. The BÂC model performed better than the other models overall. The least performer was the CÂD model. The BÂC model had the lowest Err (17.85 % and 16.31 %), RMSE (3.725 MJmÂ2dayÂ1 and 3.486 MJmÂ2dayÂ1) and Bias (2.501 MJmÂ2dayÂ1 and 1.281 MJmÂ2dayÂ1) values at both sites. The Hargreaves and CÂD modelsâ€™ performances were almost similar at both sites. The Bias levels were between 3 MJmÂ2dayÂ1 and 4 MJmÂ2dayÂ1, and the RMSE values were slightly above 4 MJmÂ2dayÂ1. The EFs of all the models were acceptable since they were > 0. Calibration improved the performances of all the models. The EF values of all the models ranged between 0.55 and 0.7, the Err reduced to between 11 % and 16 % and the Bias was reduced to < 0.5 MJ mÂ2 dayÂ1 for the Hargreaves and BÂC models. The Bias was however still higher for the CÂD model (~ 2 MJ mÂ2 dayÂ1). The average site specific â€œKâ€ coefficient of the Hargreaves model, the â€œaâ€ coefficient of the BÂC model and the CD_b coefficient of the CÂD model were found to be 0.1361, 6.274 and 0.1895. Solar radiation estimation models are supposed to be calibrated before use for improved prediction accuracy.

Item Type: | Article |
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Uncontrolled Keywords: | Solar radiation, Bristow â€“ Campbell, Donatelli â€“ Campbell, Hargreaves, Model Evaluation |

Divisions: | Universities > State Universities > Midlands State University |

Depositing User: | Mr. Edmore Sibanda |

Date Deposited: | 31 Aug 2017 02:05 |

Last Modified: | 31 Aug 2017 02:05 |

URI: | http://researchdatabase.ac.zw/id/eprint/5262 |

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