The Urban Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Threat to Human Security and Sustainable Development

Hove, Mediel (2013) The Urban Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Threat to Human Security and Sustainable Development.

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Urban centres have existed and have been evolving for many centuries across the world. However, the accelerated growth of urbanisation is a relatively recent phe- nomenon. The enormous size of urban populations and more significantly, the rapidity with which urban areas have been and are growing in many developing countries have severe social, economic and physical repercussions. This paper argues that the accel- erated growth of urbanisation has amplified the demand for key services. However, the provision of shelter and basic services such as water and sanitation, education, public health, employment and transport has not kept pace with this increasing demand. Furthermore, accelerated and poorly managed urbanisation has resulted in various types of atmospheric, land and water pollution thereby jeopardising human security. This paper offers the conclusion that the increased environmental, social and economic problems associated with rapid urbanisation pose a threat to sustain- able development, human security and, crucially, peace.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: urban centre,urban population,human security,sustainable development,peace,Sub-Saharan Africa
Divisions: Universities > State Universities > University of Zimbabwe
Depositing User: Mr. Edmore Sibanda
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 00:30
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 00:30

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